A new report from Alfa Laval, Hafnia, Haldor Topsoe, Vestas, and Siemens Gamesa has described ammonia as ‘an attractive and low risk choice of marine fuel both in the transition phase towards a more sustainable shipping industry and as a long-term solution’.
Ammonfuel – an industrial view of ammonia as a marine fuel looks at the process of turning ammonia into marine fuel – including both conventional and future ‘green ammonia’ production – as well as safety considerations, the logistics of providing ammonia, and the application on board the ship.
The report also focuses on the cost, availability and ‘technical readiness’ of using ammonia as a marine fuel, as well as its significance in help to reduce ships’ emissions.
The report said that the energy cost of conventional ammonia is ‘similar to’ the energy cost of very low sulphur fuel oil (VLSFO) but added that, in the future, green ammonia will be ‘the most economic carbon neutral fuel’. It also concluded that the ‘design for ammonia and VLSFO dual fuel operation leaves maximum flexibility to minimize fuel costs and meet future regulations and requirements’.
Click here to download the report.